Carrom Board Rules India Pdf 31
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The game of chess was then played and known in all European countries. A famous 13th-century Spanish manuscript covering chess, backgammon, and dice is known as the Libro de los juegos, which is the earliest European treatise on chess as well as being the oldest document on European tables games. The rules were fundamentally similar to those of the Arabic shatranj. The differences were mostly in the use of a checkered board instead of a plain monochrome board used by Arabs and the habit of allowing some or all pawns to make an initial double step. In some regions, the Queen, which had replaced the Wazir, and/or the King could also make an initial two-square leap under some conditions.
The Game of Goose, sometimes known as the Royal Game of Goose, is the earliest commercially produced board game - recorded in Italy as early as the end of the 15th Century. Over hundreds of years, it has appeared in a myriad variations of rules and illustrative designs. Many of the boards reflect politics or social situations of the time and some are incredibly beautiful and creative.The basic form of the rules has remained remarkably consistent over the years. We give the standard basic rules that are as applicable to boards produced today as they are to boards produced 400 years ago. With thanks to board games historian, Adrian Seville.
Bagatelle GeneralitiesA Bagatelle table is of a similar form to a Billiards table - normally slate or Mahogany bed, cloth covered with cushions and measuring 6 - 10 feet long and 2 - 3 feet wide. The first major difference from a billiard table is that one end is rounded instead of square. The second diversion is that instead of pockets around the edge, the primary focus is upon the nine holes sunk into the table at the semi-circular end (in the manner of Bar Billiards), one in the middle of the semi-circle and the rest surrounding it evenly in a ring. The central cup is numbered 9, the others are numbered 1 - 8 in what appears at first to be a semi-random order. However, the common (possibly compulsory) pattern is, starting from the bottom and working clockwise, 1, 4, 8, 3, 5, 2, 7, 6. It may or may not be coincidence that the top three numbers, the bottom 3 numbers and the middle 3 numbers all sum to 15.Rather like a Billiards table, Pool table or Darts board, a variety of games can be played on a Bagatelle table but all involve the players standing at the square end of the table and hitting the balls with a tipped cue towards the holes at the other end.The old game of Bagatelle featured 8 white balls and 1 black ball which started on the middle spot. Later variants were played with the black in the same way but 1 player played 4 white balls, the other player played 4 red balls. The game played in certain parts of Southern England features 2 reds instead of a black and 7 whites.In these games, players would normally 'string' for the lead. Each player would strike a single ball up the empty table. The player who achieves the highest score starts the game. (Masters Games optional rule - in the event of a draw, string again but with the additional rule that the ball must bounce off one cushion before entering a cup; in the event of another draw, require that 2 cushions must be struck before scoring and so on).Victorian BagatelleThese are the rules that were played during the 1800s "according to Hoyle" - in fact these were probably written by one Professor Huffman towards the close of the nineteenth century. Tables were typically around 8 x 2 feet and did not feature pockets. Balls were supposed to be exactly the same diameter as the cups and were one black and either eight white or four red and four white. Balls were propelled either by a cue or a mace (a long stick with a flat pushing block on one end).To begin, the black ball is placed on the middle spot. Each turn consists of a player playing all eight balls down the table towards the cups.The first ball must strike the black ball. If it does not, the